It’s a bird, it’s a plane, it’s a superbug! Unfortunately, these bugs don’t wear spandex, capes, and save kittens from trees, and they do the exact opposite of being the hero our body needs. Superbugs seem to be an increasingly used term nowadays in hospitals, but what exactly are they and why are they so dangerous?
Superbugs are bacteria that are extremely adaptable. Bacteria have genes that can allow them to adapt to antibiotics and medication, the same way that humans and animals have naturally evolved to survive in different environments. A resistant bacteria is much harder to treat and kill, but it can pass the resistance on to other bacteria.
When this process happens several times we get a superbug, a bacteria that has absorbed the resistances to several antibiotics all at once.
What causes them?
Typically the overuse of antibiotics causes superbugs to appear in the world, and when they are used on viruses such as the flu or taken outside of the doctor’s recommended dosage, they become less effective.
For most doctors, using antibiotics is a common treatment plan, and they are often the first thing assigned to any bacterial sickness. However, this can sometimes cause an over reliance and even a dependence on antibiotics, and directly causes the creation of Superbugs.
In order to fight superbugs, doctors need to turn to experimental procedures and less commonly used antibiotics, which come with a price tag and some side effects.
Knowledge is power
Not many people know that antibiotics shouldn’t be used on viruses, and antibiotics target the cell walls of bacteria and make them less effective. Viruses have no cell walls, so an antibiotic heavy medicine plan is ineffective. By understanding what sicknesses to use antibiotics for and which sicknesses to treat with other means, you can prevent your own body from being host to the superbugs!
If you do have a bacterial infection and need to take antibiotics, the key is moderation. Taking them during the period that your doctor tells you too guarantees that the diseases will be wiped out and resistant bacteria will not be left alive, and once the prescription is over don’t take any leftover antibiotics.
In addition to keeping good hygiene to prevent the bacteria from infecting you in the first place, using moderation will keep you feeling healthy and keep any illnesses vulnerable to the medicine that the doctors give you.
Superbugs with antibiotic resistances are forcing doctors and those in the healthcare business into a race to discover the medicine that can overcome the resistances without being absorbed itself, but it’s up to both doctors and patients to recognize when antibiotics are not needed and how to manage the intake to ensure that the sickness is destroyed.
If Superbugs aren’t handled and kept in isolated patients, a resistance pandemic could start to form, which is why education and proper antibiotic planning is needed when bacteria infect patients, so be sure to take everything with a grain of salt and follow the directions to ensure your body becomes free from superbug influence.